Periodontal Disease

Diseased Teeth & Gums

Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is a condition that affects the supporting structures of your teeth — this includes the alveolar bone, periodontal ligament, root surface cementum, and the gums.

As the disease progresses, these supporting tissues which hold the teeth in place breakdown. If left untreated, this can eventually lead to tooth loss. While most people think that the primary warning signs are bleeding, swelling, pain, and redness, this isn’t always the case. More than 80 percent of Canadians experience some level of gum disease by the time they are in their mid-40s.

The bad news is that it can gradually destroy your natural teeth. The good news is that correcting this problem is our specialty here at Perio Clinic Oakville.

How We Treat Periodontal Disease

We treat periodontal disease using a multi-factorial approach that can involve non-surgical and/or surgical means. In some cases, pharmacotherapy (such as medications) and lasers may be added to help modify the immune response and improve overall rehabilitation.

Non-Surgical & Surgical Methods

Our non-surgical treatments involve removing bacterial accretions that have built up around the teeth and the root surfaces below the gums. The pockets can then be disinfected and detoxified to allow regeneration.

Our surgical treatment protocols involve surgical pocket elimination procedures to allow a more healthy and bacteria-free environment. In areas of more advanced bone destruction, guided tissue regeneration procedures can be completed to allow new bone regeneration. Through the use of microsurgery and advancements in regenerative medicine, these procedures can be very successful in rehabilitating even seemingly hopeless teeth.

In severely affected teeth or damaged roots, procedures involving root amputation, root hemisection, tooth re-implantation, and tooth auto-transplantation can be performed. These procedures are very case-specific but yield amazing results when completed.


“Dr. Mohamed made my tooth extraction a very pleasant experience – if that is even possible! Always walking through each step and ensuring I was comfortable before proceeding. I highly recommend him!”

Happy Patient

Frequently Asked Questions

What causes periodontal disease?

While there are many factors that can contribute to gum disease, the primary cause is the accumulation of dental plaque. Plaque is essentially a bacterium which attaches to teeth and gums. It’s more than just unsightly — it produces toxins that irritate the gums, causing them to swell, turn red, and bleed when irritated (such as during flossing). If this irritation continues, a space or pocket will occur between the teeth and the gumline. Plaque can also develop into a rougher, harder substance known as tartar — this may happen above or below the gumline. Together, this contributes to periodontal disease.

How can I prevent gum disease?

While cavities may seem like your nemesis when you were a child, gum disease is the major issue when you are an adult. The ideal way to prevent gum disease is through thorough brushing and flossing techniques, and regularly scheduled cleanings and dental examinations.

Does it only affect those with poor brushing or flossing habits?

In those who are susceptible, even the most diligent brushing and flossing techniques may not stave off a stage of periodontal disease. Once it begins, professional intervention can prevent it from progressing into something more serious.

In addition, key factors that can affect the health of your teeth include:
Chronic stress
Certain medications
Poor nutrition
Clenching/Grinding teeth
Hormonal changes

What if I'm in the early stages of gum disease?

It’s essential to see your dentist for a thorough dental cleaning to remove built up plaque and tartar in the early stages of gum disease. You should complement this visit with twice-daily brushing and at least once-daily flossing. Your dentist can show you the correct techniques so that you are doing a thorough job at home.

In the later stages of gum disease, or if the condition progresses, your dentist will refer you to a periodontist who specializes in restoring or regenerating bone and gum tissue.